If you are turning from a major road to a minor road, there are certain things that you need to do, which will be covered in your driving lessons. Here, we have a quick look at the process involved.
First of all, you should know in advance where the minor road is so that you can plan your exit from the main road. Look out for road signs and markings, traffic leaving and joining the main road, and gaps in the kerb.
When you know the minor road is approaching, start applying the MSPSL procedure. This stands for mirror, signal, position, speed, and look.
Mirror: As soon as you notice the turning, check your mirrors to make sure you know what is behind and to the side of your vehicle so you can select which signal to use.
If you are making a left turn from a major to a minor route, check your inside mirror and left mirror. If you are turning right, look in the interior and right mirror.
Signal: Signaling at an appropriate moment – not too early and not too late – is important so as not to cause confusion among other drivers on the road. If you are making a left turn, signal left, and if you are making a right turn, indicate right.
Position: In order to turn left, maintain a regular driving position on the road that is one metre from the kerb and follow the kerb around the corner. If you are turning right, position yourself to the left of the centre line.
Speed: Speed should be adjusted, and the suitable gear should be selected, approximately 2-3 car lengths before the turning, whether you are turning left or right, so that you may perform the turning safely and with complete control. If the side road is wide and has a clear view, go at 10mph to 15mph and in second gear. If the road is narrow with a restricted view, slow down to less than 10mph and shift into first gear.
Look: On the approach to the turn, keep an eye out for pedestrians or cyclists who may be crossing the road. Look into the new road to see if there are any parked vehicles or other potential hazards. Continue if it is safe to do so, and stop if it is not safe to do so.